The Earth is a unique planet with a history of 4.6 billion years. It has abundant water which forms the basis for life, including human life.
Geoscience addresses issues relating to the evolution of the Earth, the natural processes on the Earth’s surface, in the Earth's atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and the interactions between natural environments and human activities.
The main applications of geoscience are: environmental protection from local to global scales, restoration from environmental damage, exploration and responsible development of natural resources (oil, gas, coal, minerals, construction aggregate, water, soil), mitigation of geohazards such as earthquakes and landslides, as well as forecasting climate change and its impacts.
As human population numbers continue to increase, our planet will be put under increasing stress, and managing our environment will become more important. Remediation of polluted industrial sites requires specialized knoweldge and understanding, and is becoming more important. The US government predicts an 18% growth in the number of positions for geoscientists and hydrologists between 2008 and 2018, underscoring the need for well trained specialists in the geo-environmental sciences.
The College of Geoscience of the University of Tsukuba is top-ranked in Japan and is known for its outstanding research at an international level. Pioneering research of our College includes earthquake physics, weather forecasting, forest hydrology, permafrost creep, GIS (geographical information systems) and many more.
The College comprises two main fields of study: Geoenvironmental Science and Earth Evolution Sciences. Geoenvironmental Sciences explore the nature of, and processes in, the atmosphere, hydrosphere and on the Earth’s surface as well as their interaction with human and biological activities. Earth Evolution Sciences study how the Earth’s materials, structures, processes and organisms have changed over time.
The College has currently 43 staff members. Though it is relatively small by international standards, all subdisciplines of geoscience are covered in teaching, from mineralogy to human geography, from applied to theoretical perspectives. While comprehensive education is one of the strengths of our college, natural hazards have become the main research subject of the College. All geohazards are covered in the teaching as well as in research.